Gum treatment and periodontal maintenance is important to prevent and treat infections of the gums.
Gum disease is caused by the long term accumulation bacteria from plaque, tartar and/or food debris which in turn causes the inflammation of the gum tissue. Signs of gum inflammation are redness of the gums around the teeth, gum bleeding and swelling.
There are several stages of gum disease and the most common is called gingivitis, which is a mild and reversible inflammation of the gums. Gingivitis can be reversed with improved oral hygiene such as proper flossing and brushing technics accompanied with mouthwash.
If the gingivitis worsens, the chronic inflammation of the gums will further deteriorate the gum/periodontal tissue around the teeth and lead to irreversible damage also known as periodontitis. Periodontitis is the advanced stage of gingivitis where not only are the gums affected but the underlying bone tissue is also damaged. The role of the bone tissue is to support and anchor teeth in placed therefore once its deteriorated, the surrounding teeth will develop complications such as mobility, pain, infection, gum recession, loss of chewing capabilities and tooth loss.
Here are some habits that we recommend doing in order to prevent gum disease
Gum treatment and periodontal maintenance primarily involves removing plaque and tartar from both above and below the gum line with ultrasonic and hand scalers which can be accompanied with local anesthesia. Depending on the severity of the gum disease, gum or periodontal treatments maybe needed every 3-6 months until the inflammation is under control.
In some occasions, gum recession can occur which will require gum grafts in order to stabilize the supporting tissues of the teeth and improve the lifespan of the teeth.